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Health Insurance Individual Market 

Individual health insurance is insurance that you buy yourself from an insurance company. Health insurance provided through your employer and health coverage provided by the government, such as Medicare, Medicaid, and TRICARE, is not considered individual insurance.


Getting Covered

You can purchase health insurance through a few ways. The Affordable Care Act established a federally-facilitated marketplace for individual health insurance as well as the option for states to create their own state-based marketplaces. Pennsylvania currently participates through the federal marketplace available at You can also purchase health insurance through a license insurance agent, but if you purchase outside of the open enrollment period, you will not be eligible for subsidies to help off-set costs. You or your child(ren) may also qualify for Medical Assistance (Medicaid) or the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP)

The Affordable Care Act also established an individual mandate, so all Americans are required to obtain health insurance or face a potential tax penalty from the IRS. You can purchase health insurance through the federal marketplace at each year during the open enrollment period. The open enrollment period for 2018 coverage is shorter compared to previous years, running November 1 through December 15. If you encounter a life change like the loss of coverage through an employer, moving, getting married, or having a baby, you may be eligible for a special enrollment period.

Remember, it is important to obtain health insurance not just because its required, but because it provides an important safety net for you and your family. Medical procedures can be expensive, and under the ACA preventive services that help evaluate and maintain your health are available at no cost if you have health insurance. If you encounter a medical issue or emergency, you need to focus on your health rather than who you will pay for care. For more information on how to select a plan that is right for you and your family, read our shopper's guide or watch our videoThe video is also available en Español. 


The Cost of Your Coverage

If you are concerned about the price of health insurance coverage, there are various plans and pricing options for each rating area throughout the state, and depending on your income, you may be eligible for subsidies that reduce the amount you pay for your coverage. Each summer, the Pennsylvania Insurance Dpeartment reviews changes in plan costs. You can learn more about this process and comment on proposed changes here


Need Help?

If you have questions about your health insurance coverage or need to file a complaint, you may contact the department's Bureau of Consumer Services at 1-877-881-6388 or online here. If you need assistance with shopping for health insurance on the marketplace, you can find a registered navigator or licensed insurance professional in your area